Unstructured time outdoors is crucial for children’s learning and development. While schools across the country are choosing to shorten or eliminate recess, we are choosing to offer children more unstructured time outdoors. When children’s brains are working hard to master content, they need breaks. These breaks offer the brain time to file information. For children to reach their full potential as learners, they need time to refresh. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) explains that, “recess is a necessary break in the day for optimizing a child’s social, emotional, physical, and cognitive development.”
The benefits of recess are plentiful:
- Increased focus, including decreased symptoms for children identified as having ADHD (Pellegrini, 2005; Robinson,2003; Louv, 2008)
- Fewer behavior issues (Jarett et al.,1998; Robinson, 2003; Barros et al., 2009)
- Improved cognitive function and processing (Jerett, 2002; Sibley & Etnier, 2003)
- Increased social-emotional growth (Pellegrini, 2005; Jerett, 2002)
- Improved health such as stronger immune systems and lower obesity (Wechsler et al., 2000; Ramstetter, 2010; Kuo, 2010)
A strong Montessori program supports children’s unstructured engagement with the outdoor environment in the form of recess or ‘brain breaks.’ The younger the child the more often they need such breaks.